How Choose Oil Painting Supplies

Scrapbooking is an excellent way to help keep memories living. Did your son make the newspaper for his Eagle Scout Design? Did your young daughter find herself on their own front page because for a great performance at her volleyball tie in with? These are memories you will want to preserve money for hard times.

For a painting, choose something uncomplicated, such to be a simple landscape or vehicle of fruit flesh. Of course, “simple” does not mean horrifically dreary. Be sure include things like something as composition that excites your own family you cannot wait to paint, such as a red lawn chair on the conclusion of a fairly drab pier.

A portrait from photo of cherished pets, loved cars or anything you dream to have will also make an ideal gift philosophy.Whatever subject you choose to paint, it doesnt make you disappoint.

When you give a painted portrait for a gift, happen to be telling the recipient which have put a lot of thought to your gift. Is usually personalized, which tells special someone that you really are concerned about them. Place express your ex girlfriend in is almost certainly that not gift performing. Make this Romantic evening extra special with a portrait painting from your family.

Art end up being understood regardless of form or type of art it is. A picture in almost any painting comprises of different components pertaining to instance color, structure and technical appearance.

Sam therefore i soon learned that moving back into our parents home was a way to somehow keep our family together. For that past 9 years Sam there isn’t any lived in our parents home, and became much closer than we ever had during our childhood or our early adulthood. And I do not know how i will keep working to that house without Sam now there are. I will miss him very a lot of.

Second time I visited Denver Colorado I had made my thoughts. I had to if you buy one of Brianna Martray paintings for my home although later I gave it to be a gift to my grandmother. She is proudly exhibiting in her living room one of Brianna Martray’s art works.

Form means forms and shapes. This request artist should have creative ability and deep basic training for sketch in the beginning. You can not paint it well without good sketch bottom. For example building can not stand without foundation.
commission portrait from photo

Raff and Warne’s most recent project

In 1995 architects Paul Raff and David Warne stripped an abandoned Toronto cottage down to its frame, removing windowpanes, doors, interior walls and shingles. Then they cut the house in half, severing the front portion from the back. Crossing two beams to brace the front of the house, they began tipping it into the ground until it reached a near forty-five degree angle. The project was called UNbuilding Ways, and for those who saw it at each stage of its summer-long demise, it was one of the few times a Toronto art project reached the level of spectacle.

Raff and Warne’s most recent project, Fall (1998), had less of an immediate, traffic-stopping impact, but in terms of rupturing our perception of architecture as having at least two constants – being upright and immobile – the project was equally effective at creating a quiet violation on a public space as a way of reaffirming its reality.

Fall took place inside a freight elevator, a container of no more than six-feet square, five stories in height, and without the usual internal walls and sliding doors of passenger elevators. Projected onto the farthest shaft wall was a video of people dressed in long white smocks and business suits who appeared to be floating, submerging, dancing or suspending themselves by ropes and pulleys against a darkened backdrop. Occasionally a seated man would lose his grip on his briefcase and drift off his chair. As the elevator went up, the figures took swan dives. When the elevator moved downward, the figures ascended. When the elevator stopped the figures were held in suspension. The projection was rigged to a VRML video computer that was bolted to the top of the elevator, and the computer was programmed to respond to a computer mouse attached to a bicycle wheel. The wheel was, in effect, a rudimentary motion tracking device that registered the direction of the elevator.

It was not complicated technology, closer to what Raff described as “techno-arte povera.” Like the crossed beams in UNbuilding Ways that were kept visible so a vertigo sensation was there but not fantastical, the exposed elements of Fall added more than they took away. Revealing the process, in other words, was ultimately what made Fall (and UNbuilding Ways) more about architecture than art, and more about structural logic than retinal sensation. By way of creating a physical distortion, both Fall and UNbuilding Ways had their impact in altering a structure just enough to turn the work back to the viewer and to sharpen the sensation of our physical presence in and around a space. The drifting and darting dancers moving in the opposite direction of the elevator helped to define the enclosure of the space simply by suggesting a possible opening. What you began to notice was the elevator itself, its confined space, the surrounding shaft walls, the clanking and whirr of chains, gears and pulleys rolling through their respective wheels and spools. The video was the catalyst, in effect, to notice the unnoticed. You felt the gravitational pull of moving up and down more, and you sensed the concrete floor, walls and wooden door as being unduly heavy. From watching the lightness of the figures tumbling through space, your attention turned to the weight of the movable platform beneath your feet. It became more of an event than a ride.

Welcome to take a look at wall art youtube, If you have an interest in modern art.

Well Known Artworks

Regardless of the big variety of paints that visitors have actually seen in museums and art galleries throughout the world, only a reasonably small number has been generally recognized as being traditional. Classic in their appeal and also implementation, these art work have transcended time as well as creative ideas to develop history. These paints recognize to individuals of every ages and also societies as being rep of the best artworks ever before produced and also will certainly continue to resonate psychological of art fans for several centuries to come.

This world has lots of art as well as ideas, that is what everybody can see, yet it takes a really skilled as well as visionary musician to choose paint as well as brush and also show their thoughts, visions and this attractive cosmos into paintings.

There were countless paintings are drawn on an everyday basis however there are just a couple of that will certainly develop perceptions in our heart. The artists are so gifted that they can reveal the sensations of the entire world in one photo. The only thing you need to do is to evaluate as well as really feel the impressions of the paints. There are numerous paintings are attracted the globe that is seriously acclaimed as well as became famous throughout the globe. Paints are being drawn considering that the ancient time as well as it is still unexplored just how individuals are illustrations such paints so flawlessly though they do not have ideal tools at that time.

Throughout the centuries, numerous paintings have accomplished globe recognition throughout all ages as well as numerous societies due to their distinct display screen of skill and design. The majority of the world’s renowned paints are oil on canvas pieces that have stood the test of time and also have had a lasting impression on those that have actually seen it. These art items have actually been preserved in numerous galleries around the globe from where they can be viewed. Famous paintings are at a constant danger of damage from theft as well as aging. Museums and also galleries have the task and the duty of maintaining these work of arts risk-free and restoring them to their initial problem to extend their lives and also significance for posterity.

Our team of art lovers have recognized a collection of 100 most famous paints on the planet that have had the maximum artistic effect and acknowledgment. This list consists of works by an excellent lots of famed artists that are currently housed in the several of the world’s finest galleries. Yet, acknowledging that assessment of art is completely subjective, it is understandable that few will not agree completely with the materials of the list. Rest assured that the checklist of leading 100 masterpieces is only a recognition of the tremendous contribution of the musicians who have made them so unforgettable.

Each year numerous dollars are spent by art collectors excited to have the globe’s most sought after paints. Nonetheless, the most costly paints are not always one of the most famous paints. One of the most famous ones are normally possessed by museums, which really rarely offer them, and thus, they are rather actually valuable. A review of the most popular paints of all time, located in museums all over the world.

famous drawings and paintings

There are many musicians that have actually left their tradition behind, they were consumed concerning what they did and created their artworks that the globe will certainly continue to remember for generations ahead.

The very best paints just take your breath away! They have an one-of-a-kind style or a new painting style that makes it to standout in this jampacked area.

Paints are not just art pieces that are great to look at, a painting generates a sensation from within– paintings are feelings poured out from the spirit of a musician as well as it’s meant to touch the audiences at the specific same location where it came from.

Assigned subject value Citation metadata

In the December 1988 Diffuser, Richard D. Johns asks how it is that assigned subject competitions can help reduce the sameness of camera club photography. The answer comes from an understanding of the causes of this sameness: an over-emphasis in our clubs on craftsmanship (technical excellence and basic composition) and a lack photography tips holding camera of emphasis on seeing and expression.


This lack of balance has been a frequent topic in the Journal in the past year-and-a-half. With their seeing and expressive skills undeveloped, members find themselves relying on beauty alone, or on the borrowed (and frequently overworked) themes of others, as the subjects of their photos. And, without a focus on expression, our helpful guidelines to improved craftsmanship can become sadly misinterpreted as “rules” that govern photography. Fundamentally, it is this imbalance – not compositional “rules” – that has led to the lack of photographic variety which so many have discussed. If we all had well-developed seeing and expressive skills, it is likely our photographic works would be as diverse as our individual personalities.

Most letters and articles on this subject merely exhort us to be more creative and artistic. But I believe specific steps need to be taken if changes are to be made. Mr. Johns has found that assigned subjects can be valuable as a teaching tool. That’s just what we need – teaching tools that can be directed to help develop the needed skills of seeing and expression!

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Let’s assign themes (not just “subject”) that call for an expressive image. Themes that involve moods, ideas, or similar intangible concepts are best. My own club has nine assigned subjects each year. Some of the recent topics included “Helping Hands,” “Creat a Mood,” “Rain,” and “Soft.” Other expressive topics might include, “Blue Moment,” “Joy,” and “Friendship.” The objective is to cause the member to think through how a message might be conveyed with a photograph. We avoid many of the popular assigned subjects that merely invite the member to photograph familiar objects or scenes, such as “Flowers,” “Seashore,” and so forth. And we are careful of themes that are really just open competitions in photography jewelry tips disguise, such as “D is for…”

The photographers should strive to make the message of the assigned theme (rather than the material objects in the photo) preeminent in the photograph. As a result, members will develop and strengthen expressive skills. There are two books that photography tips birds provide excellent and practical guidance on this subject. The best is Photography and the Art of Seeing by Freeman Patterson. The second is Developing the Creative Edge in Photography by Bert Eifer. Both are available in paperback.

Judging assigned subjects should be different from open competitions. Emphasis must be placed on the successful communication of the assigned theme. I know many of our members want to avoid establishing criteria for judges, but I have seen too many instances where judges quickly forget the assigned subject, and simply select the most beautiful image; as a result, the entire value of the assignment is undermined. For assigned subjects, I suggest that clubs let their judges know that, because members are working to develop their expressive skills, emphasis should be placed on how well the photo expresses the assigned theme and on the preeminence of that theme over any other in the photo.

Club discussion of the photographs will help strengthen the educational value. What elements of each photo contribute to the theme? What are the detracting elements? What might the photographer have done to further strengthen the theme and ensure its dominance in the photo? What compositional “rules” does the photo exploit or overrule to strengthen its expressive value?

Assigned subjects can play a significant role in developing the balance we need between craftsmanship and artistic skills. Let’s take advantage of them! We won’t create a transformation overnight, but we will be one step closer.

American portfolios

The cool crisp mountain air blew gently as Stephen Kaplan prepared to depict Eagle Falls. G. Irving Brooks heard the gentle lap of water as the canoes rocked in their lakeside dock berth. Phillis Little trekked to a quiet mountain lake for a spectacular view.

Certainly these artists enjoyed taking teh pictures. Photographing a beautiful scenic is an act we all can enjoy. But beyond this initial act is a

secondary, latent experience – seeing, feeling, rekindling the original sensations while working with the photograph in the darkroom. Bringing a negative or slide to life is a technical process, but it can also be a fond remembrance. The darkroom can stir dormant emotions as we again work with the image to make a final presentation.

The Pictorial Print Division extends to you the opportunity to share this experience – to double your photographic fun, adventures or highlights and to increase your creativity through the medium of the darkroom. There are several print portfolio groups that can help accomplish this end. Surely one of them is suited to you and your photographic pursuits. Each print portfolio has various skill levels. One of the portfolios will match your skill and may provide the means to become a highly skilled darkroom worker if you so desire and work towards that end.

The Portrait Portfolio provides nine different groups, including animal and people portrait categories. The Canadian Portfolio and the American Portfolios consist of general-category prints – you choose the subject. Information on any of the portfolios can be obtained by contacting the directors listed bi-monthly in the Services section.

The American Portfolios also has an award system for those photography judging tips prints selected as best from each portfolio round called the Green Eagle Awards. The winning American Portfolio 1988 Green Eagle prints are shown accompanying this article. They were made by people with varying levels of printing skills.

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Although the American Portfolios is a Pictorial Print Division activity, other divisions have their portfolio/slide circuits, too. Any of these divisional group activities become best when people at all skill levels participate. Having a bunch of stars doesn’t exclude you from joining, nor does having made no accepted prints or slides. PSA becomes stronger with everyone’s participation in its various events and activities. Members learn from the comments of others.

If photography tips equine you have ideas concerning a print portfolio or a slide circuit which is not currently available, make a suggestion to the appropriate director or chairman. PSA is an international organization. Each international country represented in PSA should have adequate numbers to support circuits or other activities. Contact the appropriate director or chairman and express your willingness to help organize an activity. These directors and chairmen want to work for you. They need the challenge of change. So why not give them this challenge?

Now join me in looking at the Green Eagle winning prints for 1988.

Take DOPE photos of STARS!

You wouldn’t know that I’m coming from Sedona, Arizona, because it’s dark outside, because it’s 9 p.m, but that’s for good reason, because you clicked on this video to learn how to take dope photos of stars, so we’re talking about astrophotography. We’re talking camera settings, we’re talking gear, so you can get some dope pics of the galaxies. So let’s jump into this week’s tutorial, woo! (calm, upbeat music) Okay, so in full transparency, I don’t really know a ton about astrophotography, or shooting stars. I learned a lot on this trip that we’re on right now, but I do know somebody that knows a ton, and his name is Stan Moniz. Stan, introduce yourself. – What’s up, guys, Stan Moniz, astrophotographer. I’ve been shooting the stars for probably eight years now. – [Chris] So you know your stuff. – Yeah, a little bit, yeah. (laughs) – [Chris] He knows a thing or two, okay. – Just a little bit. – [Chris] Yeah, just a little bit, okay, let’s jump into some gear right now.

– Got it, got it. Gear, basic gear, tripod, head lamp, you need this to be safe out there, and camera bodies, you can use any camera body, or pretty much any wide-angle lens. I prefer, this is just my opinion, I use an A7S, and today I am using the G Master 24/1.4. But you can use any wide-angle lens that’s fast, anything available. – Okay, guys, so if you wanna get dope photos like this (snaps), or this (snaps), or this (snaps), you’re gonna follow Stan’s rules, ’cause he actually taught me all this a couple nights ago, and the photos that you just saw were a combination of mine and Stan’s. He knows his stuff, so listen up. It’s a little complicated, so try to follow along. We’ll try to break it down in its simplest form, so you guys can walk away with some great tips and camera settings, but let’s jump into like the fundamentals right now.

Stan, explain the 500 Rule to us right now. – Alright, easy. If anything, this is the one thing you guys are gonna take away. It’s called the 500 Rule. So basically, all you do is, you take your calculator, your iPhone, or your Android, and you divide 500 by your focal lens, so let’s just use the 24, right. So we’re gonna divide 500 by 24, which gives a number of 20.833333333333. (laughs) Well, there is no 20.833 on your shutter dial, right, so you’re gonna always round down, so that’s gonna give you a max exposure time of 20 seconds. Alright, guys, we’re just gonna go over some basic settings, very easy, it’s not rocket science. Once you figure out the basic settings, you guys are gonna be professionals in no time. So everything needs to be set in manual. We switch to manual, you’re gonna be in also manual focus. You don’t wanna be in single, continuous focus because it’s gonna hunt for the stars, you know? So you’re gonna find the brightest star in the sky. That’s gonna help you a ton, and you focus on that star. Take a few shots, with the 500 Rule.

See if it’s sharp, and if it’s sharp, a really cool tip is just take painter’s tape, and you lock it down right on your lens. That way you don’t have to worry about it through the night. ISO, I like to start at 800, between 800 and 6400. White balance, I love incandescent. If you’re shooting raw, like I said earlier, you can always change the white balance, it’s totally cool. Always make sure you have your two-second delay on, because a lot of people will have a single shot. This is just the newbie kind of mistake that you make, because you’re so excited to capture the sky, right, night sky. Relax, you know, you’re in nature, so just take your time and kinda go through your settings.

photography easy tips

So what happens is, with the two-second delay, it avoids camera shake, because if you hit this, you know, without a two-second delay, you might have some shake. What’s gonna happen? You’re not gonna get pinpoint in stars, you’re gonna get blurry stars, and that’s the way it goes. So basically, always manual, manual focus. Start your ISO between 800 to 6400. I prefer white balance of incandescent. I like the more cool look. Find certain stars like Orion that are really bright in the sky.

That’ll help you to adjust for precise focus. So let’s check this out, we’re gonna take our first photo. (calm, upbeat music) – Okay, I’m gonna quick insert on that tutorial, ’cause Stan is just killin’ it right now, but always make sure you guys are shooting raw. It gives you the most latitude and flexibility in post-production, and especially when you’re changing temperature and tint, you can really get a specific sky color that you really like. That’s what I like to do in Lightroom is start moving things around to really get the stars to pop, and the sky to look good, so yes, shoot raw. Alright, I think it’s been about 20 seconds. Let’s check out this image right now. – That is looking dope! So what I’m gonna do next is import the image into Lightroom.

photography tips d7000

photography tips how to take good pictures

Few things I like to do, dehaze, clarity, there you go, easy money, amazing photo. – Stan! – What’s up? – [Chris] Dude, thanks so much for teaching everybody. – Yeah, and I also have a little gift for you. – You have a little gift for us? Actually, I know what it is. We were talking about it earlier. Stan is giving us a cheat sheet on astrophotography. He gave me one earlier, it was a little print-out, but I’ve made the pdf available on my Sellfy store, so if you guys wanna go to the links below, download it, print it out, bring it with you, and also, go head over to Stan’s channel, give him a sub, follow him along, he has a whole bunch of other tutorials.

He’s just a genuinely dope guy. We got along like right away. We met three days ago, here in Sedona. We’ve just been hangin’ out and chilling. He’s a dope dude, so I highly recommend, go show him some love, and on that note, guys, if you liked this video, please press Like. It actually makes a difference. Subscribe, would love for you to join along, and Stan, do you wanna sign off this video? – ‘Til next time. Shit. (both laughing) – I always mess up. – No, I love it, man. Peace out, everybody, thanks so much for watching. Here’s a little astro montage from Stan. He’s so dope, peace, guys. (laughs) (calm, upbeat music).

Oil Painting Portrait Price Guide

Paint My Photos has been in custom portait business since 2002 and we are artists based company, which means you buy direct from artists. Order from us can save you at least 50% of the cost. Trust me, you don’t deserve to pay that much money. Moreover, you don’t need to worry about the quality, paintings are done by professional portrait artists, our artist team is a secret source behind many top art galleries. They commission art from us and sell thousands dollars.

Expense of a painting or a portrait mainly relies on the fame of the artisan and the quality of his work. Thus, offering an exact quote is complicated .. Having said that, you can opt for online services like, which takes your digital images and turns it into a hand-painted portrait based on your demands. It is a affordable price service, specifically if you compare with traditional artists. Moreover, it is hassle-free, high-quality and the portrait is delivered right at your doorsteps.

Price of a painting relies on the size and number of persons to be painted. A large canvas may cost more than a small canvas. A four person family portrait will definitely cost more than a two person portrait.

Getting Your Portrait Painted Is Cool and trendy Again, and It’s Simply Cost You $150

Once considered a relic belonging to the photography era, the art of portrait painting is setting up a comeback think of it being a selfie that can take weeks to complete.

How much will a custom made family portrait cost?

This question is asked over and over again throughout the internet since it is a critical one.

Plenty of people realize the importance of a completely custom made painting and portrait. They are aware of how priceless it is to present someone else or you a surprise that could last not just a lifetime, but a lifetime and beyond. Whatever your reason for thinking of commissioning a custom portrait, you have probably considered how much it costs financially.

Many other sources: how much does a self portrait painting cost

Buy Francoise Nielly Paintings

Does a person enjoy Francoise Nielly’s art? Do you desire to purchase a portrait painting created by artist? I don’t know if Francoise consider commission job? But in the case she do, i bet price will be super expensive the majority of her works of art are selling $10,000 to $30,000. Then, generally, it is nearly unlikely to let Francoise Nielly paint your portrait, though, guess what, our gifted artists can! We can easily create your photo just like Francoise Nielly do!

In the way, Francoise Nielly portray an individual’s face in each of his art pieces. And she paints it all the time, with slashes of paint all-around their face. Moments of daily life that appear from her artworks are created at a clinch with the canvas. Colour is formed much like a projectile.

Nielly reveals a protective research to touch and develops into an intuitive and wild goal of expression. When you close your eyes, you wouldn’t normally imagine a face, which contains colors, though if you look at it very closely, everything gains a form by means of our goals. The most bothered soul can result in colors, that happens to be covered but always alive. Plenty of people feel that in a portrait, there’s always a concord that runs away, however in my opinion, every purpose is branded in their face. Eyes locate sins and passion, a grin starts up joy or perhaps a decisive lie, and dazzling shades show judgments without having a lot movement.

Francoise Nielly art for sale

Francoise Nielly is surely an artist characterized by advanced and complex ideas conveying fascinating and important energy and strength.

Francoise draws lines to uncover natural splendor, feelings, and focus of memories. Pretty much every portrait symbolizes a sense of peace and sadness. As soon as we find out such type of sensual, expressive and tremendous drawing, we understand that particular attention can move severely inside a look, at a action, have the ability which becomes ones methods for being. The shades are the reason Nielly’s work so realistic and natural and it is extremely hard not to adore her themes. Plenty of could be the inspirations, which grooving inside such type of feeling, and quite a few can be the meanings which may be stated. ?Have you ever questioned yourselves how significant it will be of having colorings? Maybe you have asked yourself how important it is to manage these kinds of colours?

Works of art by artist Franoise Nielly employ a apparent intensity that project through every composition. Having perfected palette knife portrait solutions, the artist uses thick strokes of oil on canvas to combine some abstraction into these figurative paintings. The art pieces, that happen to be based away easy black and white photographs, feature significant light, shadow, details, and lively neon colorings. In accordance with her bio on Behance, Nielly takes a risk: her art work is sexual, her shades free, joyful, amazing, also explosive, the cut of her knife incisive, her colouring pallete superb.

In Francoise Nielly’s Art, she would not use any modern tools and makes use of only oil and palette knife. The colors are spread roughly on the canvas and grow into a highly impressive work. Her portraits encapsulate potency of shades as a appealing means of experiencing life. The conception and form are simply just starting points.

Francoise Nielly Artworks for Sale

Francoise Nielly is really an artist seen as a challenging and complicated techniques showing fascinating and essential energy and strength.

Francoise draws lines to find charm, passion, and focus of memories. Nearly every portrait brings together a sense of fulfillment and disappointment. Whenever we uncover these kind of sensuous, significant and confusing drawing, we understand that attention can touch significantly in a look, at a gesture, have the ability which outlines ones types of being. The colors are precisely why Nielly’s art so real and natural and it’s really extremely hard not to love her themes. Countless could be the inspirations, which often dance within these kinds of sensibility, and quite a few might be the meanings which could be indicated. ?Have you asked yourselves how beneficial it may be to get color styles? Maybe you have been curious about how important it should be to manage these kinds of colours?

Art by creator Franoise Nielly have a very good apparent depth that come in each and every composition. Having enhanced palette knife portrait solutions, the painter uses thicker strokes of oil on canvas to combine a certain abstraction in to these figurative portraits. The art pieces, which are based from straightforward white and black photographs, feature great light, shadow, detail, and energetic neon designs. Based upon her resource on Behance, Nielly involves a risk: her portray is sexual, her color styles free, exuberant, stunning, even explosive, the cut of her knife incisive, her colors pallete eye-catching.

In Francoise Nielly’s work, she will never use any modern technology and uses only oil plus palette knife. The shades are occupying roughly on the canvas turn out to be a highly successful work. Her portraits encapsulate potency of shade as a wonderful method of seeing life. The perception and form are simply starting factors.

Nielly shows you a safety analysis on the way to hint and turns into an intuitive and wild target of expression. When you close your eyes, you wouldn’t expect a face, having colors, however if you simply ponder over it strongly, everything obtains a form via our hopes. The most anxious soul could have colors, which might be unseen but always alive. Plenty of people feel that in a portrait, there is always a equilibrium that goes out, but in my estimation, every message is printed out in their face. Eyes find sins and keenness, a grin starts up happiness or a decisive lie, and glowing styles indicate decisions without having far too much movement.

See this video about Francoise Nielly paintings

Do you really love Francoise Nielly’s paintings? Do you desire to order a portrait painting using this painter? I have no idea if Francoise receive commission job? But in the case she do, i bet the price is definitely super expensive as most of her art are available $10,000 to $30,000. Thus, generally, it is nearly difficult to let Francoise Nielly create your portrait, although, you know what, our experienced artists can! We’re able to create your picture in the same way Francoise Nielly do!

In the way, Francoise Nielly delivers our face in every of his art. And she paints it consistently, with slashes of paint via their face. Memories of personal life that appear from her works are put together using a clinch with the canvas. Colors is formed as a projectile.

The prayer book

The prayer book invites us to contemplate the fifteen mysteries of the rosary, which are based on the Incarnation, Passion and Resurrection of Christ, but it substitutes events from the lives and deaths of the five women. The fragmented biographies found in the prayer book, presented to parallel the life and death of Christ, echo the extreme way in which these women have been fetishized by the public and/or within the art world. They also underline a preoccupation with the Romantic ideal of martyrdom for art, while the performance encourages us to participate in a ritual of reverence for such an ideal. The notion that most of these women were concerned with their own suffering, death and immortality – or at least in some way pre-enacted or pre-wrote their own deaths – is reinforced by the quotations that Fusco has chosen. Most of the texts articulate an idea of suffering and redemption, an ambivalence about the flesh, and a concern with death that anticipates the renown that came after death. They convey the impression that these artists have on some level chosen to incarnate themselves as icons even if such iconization has meant incarnation as death.

When the installation stands without the performed element, there is a morning-after feel to the work. The candles are burnt down and unlit, and there is no incense. Without Fusco’s presence in the casket, the icons – for Selena, a black sequined bra, for Sor Juana a quill pen, for Eva Peron a radio microphone, for Frida Kahlo a paint brush and for Ana Mendieta two vials of what look like blood and ashes – as well as the accompanying texts become the focus of the piece. In this context the work functions more as a collection of artifacts of the histories and work of the women we’re invited to ponder, indicating their absence as the empty casket indicates the absence of Fusco invoking the corpse of Mendieta.

There are absences mirrored within absences here; those in Fusco’s installation are mirrored by those in the work and lives of the women she has invoked. Fusco’s presence in performance and the empty casket indicating her absence in the installation obviously point to the absence of all these women through death. But beyond this, the empty casket where Fusco’s body lay as Ana Mendieta recalls the impressions Mendieta left in the earth with her own body. Miwon Kwon (Inside the Visible, 1996) writes, “Mendieta’s use of her/the body almost always approached erasure or negation: her `body’ constantly disappeared. . . . It is curious that Ana traced her absence. . . .” Octavio Paz, in his 1988 biography of Sor Juana, points out that many of her love poems have as their object one who is a ghostly figure retained in the memory, or one who is actually dead. Kahlo painted images of her empty dresses, maimed and gashed and incomplete bodies, aborted fetuses.

How do we step in to fill these absences? Fusco, by aligning herself so strongly with death, faces us with the traumatic fact of death. Funeral space always brings out the desire to memorialize. Absence creates the desire to fill the gaps with myth, icons, texts or, as critics and biographers have repeatedly pointed out, with the absent parents and children and homelands found in biographies. We can also try to fill absences with our bodies, which after the moment of performance leave only the memory of a body, or an object indicating its passing. Often struggling to reconcile the paradox of being both subjects and objects of their art, all of the women invoked in the performance used their bodies as medium or subject matter or both. What we’re left with is the traces of those performances – the self-portraits and images of mirrors, the photographs and video footage. As a woman artist, Fusco, who adopts all of the above strategies of memorialization, can also attempt to fill absence by creating predecessors, mirroring herself by placing herself in a lineage of women with whom she identifies. But the work also suggests the possibility of an endless lineage of unfillable absences, leaving open the question of whether there’s any authorizing predecessor at all.

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